With 35 million inhabitants, Morocco isn’t one of the largest African countries. However, it's definitely one of the more interesting countries for the international agricultural business!
Tekst: Anton Filippo
Morocco is surrounded by the mediterranean sea, the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean. Did you know it has only been an independent country since 1956, when it regained its independence after its division in French and Spanish protectorates? The King of Morocco has some powers, especially over the military and the foreign policy, but the government has the executive power together with the chambers of parliament.
Growth in recent years
The agricultural exports have grown significantly. In 2018, they grew by 4,1% (for 2019, the growth is expected to be 3,1%). According to statistics, 22% of the countryside (except the Western Sahara) is infertile. Almost 43% of the fertile country is used for the production of grain, 3% for production of peas and 7% for plantations for almonds, grapes, citrus, dates and other products. Almost one million hectares are used for fruit, giving a production of three million tons.
Olives, almonds, dates and citrus are the biggest crops of Morocco. Citrus, oranges, mandarins and clementine’s are grown on 90.000 hectares, gaining over 2,2 million tons of fruit of which 600.000 tonnes is being exported. The most important export destination for this fruit from Morocco is Russia (close to 200.000 tons), followed by the United States and Canada. The production of avocado in Morocco is 12.000 tonnes, of which 20% is being exported. The majority (mainly green skins and some hass) is consumed locally.
Red and blue fruits
The export of Moroccan red fruit grew by 48% in 2018. Berry exports grew from 66.332 tons in '10/'11 to 115.442 in the '17/'18 season. An average of 60-70% of the total strawberry production was exported, most of it to Europe. Also, 95% of the blueberries went across the border.